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Aapravasi Ghat Trust Fund

FAQs


About the history of the Aapravasi Ghat and indenture

How long did indentured labour system last in Mauritius and when did it start and end?

​Indentured labourers were imported as early as 1826. Between 1826 and 1833, hundreds of indentured workers were brought, but large scale importation of indentured workers began as of November 1834 and lasted until 1922. However, the formal end of indentured labour in Mauritius is considered to be in August 1910 with the arrival of the Surada.


How many indentured workers arrived in Mauritius and at the Aapravasi Ghat?

​It is estimated that between 1826 and 1910, a total of 462,000 Indian and non-Indian indentured men, women and children reached Mauritian shores.


How many remained in Mauritius and how many returned?

​More than 300,000 immigrants (or two thirds) remained in Mauritius and around 167,000 (or one third) returned to India or emigrated to other colonies.


How many women and children came as indentured labourers?

​Around 25% of the indentured workers who arrived were females and around 10% were children and infants who arrived in Mauritius between 1834 and 1910.


The origins of the indentured labourers?

​In Mauritius, more than 97.5% of indentured immigrants came from India. These individuals arrived from various regions of the Indian subcontinent: Bihar (40%); Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu (31%); Bengal and Uttar Pradesh (20%); and Maharashtra (9%).


Other indentured labourers who passed through the gates of the Aapravasi Ghat also came from China, the Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique and Yemen. These workers included more than 2,600 East Africans freed from slave ships captured by the Royal Navy and put under indenture.


Altogether, more than 462,000 indentured labourers arrived in Mauritius between 1834 and 1910.


What is indentured labour?

Indentured labour was the modern system of contractual labour that was established between the mid-1830’s and early 1840’s in Mauritius and was gradually established as from 1838 in more than 30 countries, colonies, and territories in different parts of the world. 


What was the Great Experiment?

​Between the mid-1830s and early 1840s, the gGreat eExperiment was initiated by the British Colonial Administration after slavery was abolished in the British colonies in 1834. The objective was to establish a new system of recruitment for much needed workforce in the colonies with the concern to demonstrate that ”free” labour was better than slave labour. The success of the Great Experiment in Mauritius led to its adoption in other parts of the British Empire and by other colonial powers.


When did Aapravasi Ghat become a national heritage/monument and a World Heritage Site?

​The Aapravasi Ghat became a national heritage in April 1987 and a World Heritage Site on 16 July 2006.


When did Aapravasi Ghat become operational and when did it close?

​The Aapravasi Ghat formerly known as the Immigration Depot was open on 1st May 1849. Although indenture was formally ended in 1910, some immigrants were still imported until 1924. The Office of the Protector of Immigrants later known as the Poor Law Commission Office continued to function until 1938 when the site was converted to the Labour Department Office.


Where did they embark before coming to Mauritius?

​The majority of the indentured workers embarked on ships in the main ports of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay and the minor Indian ports of Pondicherry, Cochin and Cuddalore. The non-Indian workers embarked from more than 30 ports from different parts of the Indian Ocean world such as Penang, Singapore in the south east Asia, Tamatave and Nossi Be in Madagascar, Ibo  on East Africa and Aden in Yemen.



The Buffer Zone of the Aapravasi Ghat World Heritage Property

Does my property fall within the Buffer Zone?

​The extents of the Buffer Zone are as follows:
The boundaries of the BZ are:
• to the Westand Northwestof the AGWHP,the Trou Fanfaron harbour area and dry docks;
• to the North,the façades on the northern side of Dr. Sun YatSen Street;
• to the East,the façades on the eastern side of Royal Street; and
• to the South,the northern side of Duke of Edinburgh Street.




How do I apply for a Building and Land Use Permit in the Buffer Zone?

​Following the amendment to the Local Government Act 2011, any development, that is, any change to any building in the Buffer Zone, be it in the form of an alteration, change in use, extension or demolition must go through the following process:
i. A request for a Building and Land Use Permit accompanied by a Cultural heritage Impact Statement must be submitted to the City Council of Port Louis. The CHIS should be submitted together with plans, (section and elevation), and a description of the proposed works.
ii. The documents must be submitted to the Planning and Land use Department of the City Council of Port Louis. The documents are then submitted to the Technical Committee who will examine the applications for development in the Buffer Zone. Before submitting a recommendation, the members of the Committee carry out a site visit with the proponent to assess the CHIS and clarify any aspect of the project that might impact on the Outstanding Universal Value of the World Heritage Property or on the significance of the Buffer Zone.
iii. The Technical Committee then meets to assess the application. The decision of the committee can be to:
a. Either make a positive recommendation;
b. Or make a positive recommendation with conditions attached;
c. Or request that the proposal be amended to meet the specifications of PPG6;
d. Or request that a Heritage Impact Assessment and Visual Impact Assessment be submitted by the proponent in case one or more aspects of the proposed development goes beyond the scope provided in PPG6. This will be the case, inter alia, for any demolition, consolidation of plot, building of large scale;
e. Or reject the proposal.
iv. The recommendations of the Technical Committee are then submitted to the Business and Permits Monitoring Committee and the Executive Committee of the City Council of Port Louis for consideration.
v. The Business and Permits Monitoring Committee and the Executive Committee issue the final decision regarding the application for development in the Buffer Zone.


How do I give my opinion on the protection and management of the Buffer Zone?

​You may do so through the Consultative Committee.
The Consultative Committee has been created as per the Management Plan for the World Heritage Property and its Buffer Zone. The role of the Consultative Committee is to provide a means for the local community or any other concerned party to make comments on ongoing projects in the Buffer Zone. It also serves as a platform for the local authority, heritage institutions and any other Government body to consult the local population regarding any project in the area.
You may also contact the Aapravasi Ghat Trust Fund, Quay Street, Port Louis on 217 31 57 (ext 224 or 227 or 231) or by email aapravasi@intnet.mu



Visiting the World Heritage Property

How long is the visit of the Interpretation cCentre?

​About 45 mins


How long is the visit of the World Heritage Site?

​The visit of the World Heritage Site takes place after the visit of the Interpretation Centre. In total, the visit is 55 minutes including 45 minute visit of the Interpretation Centre and 20 minute visit s at World Heritage Site.


Is the visit free?

 

Prices are in Mauritian Rupees
Visit of the BRIC and World Heritage Site
Heritage trails
Educational activities
Resident
Non resident
Resident
Non resident
Resident
Non resident
 Adult
50
250
60
260
 
 
Children
0-5 yrs old
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
Children
6-12 yrs
FREE
FREE
FREE
FREE
40
100
Students*
13-21 yrs old
20
100
20
100
50
100
Over 60 years old
FREE
250
20
260
-
-
Groups
(min. 10 people)
20 per Person
1,500
25 per person
2,000
-
-
Schools / teachers
FREE
FREE
FREE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
* prices are in Mauritian rupees
**submission of NTA bus pass ID is may be required.
***submission of passport may be required
Last ticket is sold at approximately 16.145hr:00 daily

 


Opening hours

​Monday- Friday: 10.:00hr - 17:00hr
Saturdays:     10.00hr – 14.00hr
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays


Parking

​Parking is available against payment at SPDC Granary or at Caudan Waterfront


Where is Aapravasi Ghat?

​The Aapravasi Ghat is found at Trou Fanfaron in Port Louis opposite the bus station at Immigration Square.